Until March 28, 2019, 23 such agreements are in effect in the United States, governing peaceful nuclear cooperation with 48 countries, the International Atomic Energy Agency and Taiwan government authorities (through the American Institute in Taiwan), as described below. Under the leadership of the United States, other states have created an informal group, the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), to control exports of nuclear materials, equipment and technologies.  As a result, India has remained outside the international nuclear order that has forced India to develop its own resources for each phase of the nuclear fuel cycle and electricity generation, including next-generation reactors, such as fast-boiled reactors and a thorium breeding reactor, known as the Advanced Heavy Water Reactor. Sanctions have not only led India to succeed in the development of these new reactor technologies, but they have also given India the impetus to develop its own nuclear technology, with the specific aim of achieving the self-sufficiency of all key elements for the development, experimentation and production of weapons. The Trump administration began formal negotiations for a 123-nation deal with Saudi Arabia in February 2018, although negotiations have not been completed since 2012. The negotiations are led by Energy Minister Rick Perry. Although some officials, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, have stated that the Government of Saudi Arabia is pressing to commit to waiting for nuclear fuel capacity and to adopt the IAEA Additional Protocol, reports suggest that Saudi Arabia has opposed these restrictions. Fears of nuclear cooperation with Saudi Arabia grew after Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said last year that Saudi Arabia would develop nuclear weapons if Iran did, and after the assassination of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi in October 2018. On 22 July 2008, the UPA faced its first vote of confidence in the Lok Sabha, after the Communist Party of India (Marxist) withdrew its support for India, which moved closer to the IAEA for Indo-US. Nuclear deal. The UPA won the confidence vote by 275 votes out of 256 votes of the opposition (10 members abstained) to win a victory of 19 votes.
    October 4, 2008: The White House announces that President Bush will sign the Indo-US Nuclear Agreement Act on October 8 in law. Currently, the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.